A truck is a combination of thousands of parts, some with the same life as the truck, but some with regular replacements. While irregular replacement will not affect the trucks for a short period of time, various problems can arise during the truck’s cumulative driving. So, to better extend the life of trucks, here are the most commonly replaced parts of trucks to keep in mind.
The eyes are the windows of the mind, and the truck headlights are like the eyes of the truck, the window of the driver to the outside world. Such a critical part should be well maintained. So, how do you maintain it?
Just as the oil filter needs to be replaced during regular maintenance, the headlight needs to be replaced regularly. The brightness of the headlights will gradually darken with the use of time, in order to drive safely at night, experts recommend that every 50,000 kilometers or 2 years to replace the lights, do not wait until the headlights burn off completely before changing the lights. Replacing the headlights regularly can also greatly improve the comfort and safety of night driving.
In daily driving, we must develop the habit of checking the headlights frequently, keep abreast of the headlight’s situation, and avoid accidents. At the same time, the truck will inevitably produce a lot of dirt during the driving process, such as splashing water, mud, and so on. Although the headlight shade is made of special materials and the sealing is very good, it is inevitable that there will be wear, which not only affects the lighting effect of the headlight but also affects the beauty of the truck. Therefore, the driver should scrub the lampshade in time to prevent the poor lighting effect of the headlights from affecting the driving. Although the engine compartment of the truck needs to be cleaned regularly, it is necessary to ensure that the engine compartment is dry after cleaning. Otherwise, in the process of driving, with the increase of the temperature of the engine compartment, the residual water of the engine compartment of the truck will evaporate into water vapor, and the water vapor will easily enter the headlights from the engine compartment, which will affect the normal use of the headlights.
Truck Brake pads
Brake pads play a vital role in the entire braking system and are the most worn in truck braking systems, so brake pads need to be checked and replaced regularly. The wear condition of the brake pads determines the performance of the brakes, under normal circumstances, the brake pads need to be checked every 10,000 kilometers, and every 30,000 kilometers are replaced, which means that under normal circumstances if the wear of the brake pads is serious, it is less than one-third of the thickness of the new brake pads, and the brake pads need to be replaced in time, and the mileage of the vehicle can no longer be referenced. In the driving process, it is also necessary to reduce the wear and tear of the truck brake pads, minimize the use of brake pads, and use the brakes softly and intermittently.
During the truck journey, different transmission gears need to be changed frequently, which cannot be done without the clutch. Also, the clutch can stop the huge inertia of the truck’s forward thrust, avoid the stalling caused by a sharp drop in engine speed, and ensure a smooth start of the car.
Usually, the clutch plate is replaced once or so for about 100,000 kilometers, but if it is well maintained and the loss is small, the clutch plate can continue to travel 200,000 kilometers.
So, how to reduce the wear and tear of the clutch?
First, during the driving process, do not change gears and do not step on the clutch casually; The time of semi-linkage should not be too long, and the gear should be changed in time according to the road conditions; And, when you need to slow down, do not step on the clutch pedal too early, and wait for the speed to drop within a reasonable range before stepping on the clutch pedal to reduce clutch idling; When parking, the neutral gear should be removed and the clutch pedal should be released, which can avoid increasing the burden on the clutch.
The tire is the most direct contact with the ground of the truck, and it is also the basis for ensuring the driving and braking of the truck. Because trucks often drive in a variety of complex road conditions, it is easy to age, harden, bulge, and crack over time, so it is important to replace tires regularly.
Generally speaking, truck tires need to be replaced in 60000-100,000 kilometers or 3-5 years, because truck tires are under a lot of pressure during driving, and the degree of wear will be more serious, so the usual maintenance cycle of truck tires is obviously shorter than the maintenance cycle of ordinary cars. However, the above replacement cycle is only a reference for truck drivers, the replacement of truck tires is also related to the driver’s driving habits, tire quality, etc., so when replacing the tires of the truck, the key lies in the actual use of truck tires.
In addition to changing tires regularly, it is also important to carry out daily maintenance of tires, first of all, when inflating tires, to meet the standards set by the manufacturer. Because when the tire pressure is lower than the standard value, the wear of the tire shoulder will increase sharply; When the tire pressure is higher than the standard value, the contact area between the tire and the ground will be reduced, and the unit pressure will increase, which will increase the wear in the middle of the tire tread, and increase the rigidity of the tire, so that the dynamic load on the wheel increases, and it is easy for the carcass to burst. Then check the tread regularly and remove the small stones in the tire groove in time. Also after driving for a long time in the summer, you should not directly throw water on the tire to dissipate heat, which will make the tire tread rubber accelerate aging, the best way to dissipate heat is to stop and rest.
every part has its own characteristics, and regular inspections and proper, preventive maintenance are highly encouraged to avoid unplanned stops and optimize the availability rate of the truck. Checking truck parts regularly will therefore result in considerable savings at the end of the day.